Graduates who have a degree in electrical engineering have the option to choose from various careers in the huge range of industry including but not limited to Utilities, Telecoms, Rail, Power Generation, Pharmaceutical, Oil and Gas, Metals and Materials, Marine, Electronics, Defence, Construction, Chemical, Automotive and Aerospace industry. The employers will mainly employ new graduates of electrical engineers in order to develop their area of specialties further.
The Industries and Job Opportunities for Electrical Engineers
When working in different industries, expect that you will be working hand-in-hand with different engineers in different specialisation. Here are some responsibilities that you should expect when working in a particular industry.
For the Aerospace Industry
When working in the Aerospace industry, expect that you will working with the state-of-the-art technology. You are responsible in enhancing or introducing the electrical controllers and machine which may include engine controls on the various platforms across the business. As you progress on your career, you will be handling technology associated with aerospace platforms and autonomous ships wherein the power is derived from energy devices and generators.
The construction industry is seeking the help of the electrical engineers to fulfil the roles associated in building services such as designing and monitoring the introduction of essential facilities like security system, fire system, lighting and power that are necessary to carry out the project efficiently.
In the defence industry, electrical engineers are committed to optimising the software and hardware design, develop an intricate yet refined design procedure and test the complicated products. This process is vital in ensuring that the product is suitable for land, sea, and air operating environment. Some of the major activities may include data analysis, data modelling, simulating and analysis of component and new technology, diagnosis, and assessment of the equipment’s performance.
Metal and Material Industry
Electrical engineers in this industry are mainly involved in the manufacturing process. They are solely responsible in ensuring the optimal function of the equipment by conducting a proper maintenance and development.
Power Generation Industry
In this sector, the electrical engineers are responsible in maintaining the items in the electrical plant. Some of these items may include lighting system, Uninterruptible Power Supply or UPS, HVAC, generators, cables, motors, transformers and switchgear.
Oil and Gas Industry
Electrical engineers who are working in this sector have a commitment to maintain and design the electrical component and system. They are responsible in making sure that they remain in compliance with the existing standard in efficiency and safety especially when it is utilised offshore. Their activity involves creating small or significant adjustments for the equipment.
In the rail engineering industry, electrical engineers are mostly involved in the energy management and the power distribution system.
The function of the electrical engineers in the utilities industry is mainly on network design and electrical design. They may also be tasked in a daily onsite inspection and by providing assistance.
Electrical engineers are involved in the research, power systems and training and advancement in the telecommunication sector. They are responsible for conducting research to assist in creating state-of-the-art devices that are utilised in transmitting signals and electrical power. They are also accountable on the electrical power system of the telecommunication company.
Consumer Goods Industry
The role of the electrical engineer in the consumer goods sector can be divided into two; logistic operation and general manufacturing. They normally require a mixture of various disciplines as a general manufacturing and logistics engineer.
Electrical engineers are employed in the automotive industry to increase the reliability of the automobile, from the suspension, steering to the brakes. The mechanical system will be switched into electronic and electrical aspects to enhance safety, control, and performance.
Electrical engineers can function in the wide range of sectors in the chemical industry. They can be responsible for the development of the devices, maintenance, electrical testing, and assembly.
This industry offers the electrical engineers with an opportunity to specialise in different equipments. Electronics is an omnipresent industry that allows the engineers to provide their expertise in a wide range of areas.
When it comes to the technical aspect of the ship, electrical engineers are very vital. They are under the supervision of the chief engineer. They provide their expertise to ensure the condition of the electronic and electrical system of the ship.
In the pharmaceutical industry, the electrical engineers can be assigned in the production or maintenance. The job of the production engineer is basically to produce or manufacture the product on a machine. Maintenance engineer is responsible in making sure that the machine that the production engineer is in top condition. Maintenance engineer will have an access to the different machines in the pharmaceutical industry while the production engineer is only restricted in the machine production.
However, there are also certain employers who will develop their electrical engineers into a generalist. They will be required to gain knowledge from the different sectors of engineering and execute similar task to the graduates who have different specialisation.