With an electrical engineering graduate degree or a mechanical engineering degree, just like with many other specialised degrees, there are numerous roles one could play within a company and can range from technical skill based duties to non-technical duties such as finance and sales. There are many different industry specific roles an electrical and mechanical engineer could play depending on the type of niche the company is in.

There are several different industries that utilise electrical engineers specifically. For example, there is the military and defence industry, power and water industry, pharmaceuticals, supply chain or logistics, automotive, aerospace, construction and many others. Within in industry, depending on what type of company, an electrical engineer may be expected to play many different roles, such as, a manufacturing engineer or a mechanical engineer since engineering graduate degrees teach and instil numerous programing, problem-solving, design and development techniques and skills.

Electrical engineering in the past only dealt with electricity, electromagnetism and possibly electronics, but today there are so many different industry specific components where an electrical or mechanical engineer can put their knowledge and experience to good use. Today, an electrical engineer may just happen to become a telecommunications engineer or get into micro-electronics or even digital computer engineering. A mechanical engineer could design bridges, skyscrapers, and even aqua ducts if needed along with management and even technical sales.


There are several different up and coming industries that an electrical engineer could dive into. There is always a need for defence engineers working within the military or a sub-division of such, or possibly the fast-paced world of aerospace intrigues one more. Let’s not forget about the ever expanding IoT and the much-needed sensors and GPS components that could leave one infamous in the world of technology.

Other industries that involve both electrical and mechanical engineering could include automotive, chemical engineering, consumer goods such as cleaning and hygiene products and convenience food items, construction, marine vessel engineering, and railroad components, design, and maintenance. There are many different job functions and elements within each industry to allow for different design, training, maintenance, technical systems and many other functional and fundamental job prospects.


Most electrical engineers have the knowledge to work on circuit boards, manufacturing, and testing of electronic equipment such as radars, sensors, power generation and global positioning equipment. They also could work on technology for automation, aerospace technology platforms, defect and default assessment of air, sea and land equipment and CAD modelling or data anayaltic.

There is also power generation, lighting and even HVAC systems that require electrical expertise. Electrical engineers could also lend a hand to the telecommunications realm with power supplies, transformers, and cables or possibly wiring, lighting and even logistics planning and electrical architecture.

Mechanical engineering duties provide supportive and integrated system solutions, process and development procedures and products that range vastly. Mechanical engineering provides support and design elements that range from product and research development, manufacturing components and installation and final end use authorisations.

Within each industry from construction and manufacturing to designing structures, components, and products they can lead resources and people and drive innovation and training. They could also have a hand in development and deployment of new materials, techniques, and systems within a vast number of industries.

There are many different industries that a graduate electrical engineer could get into, but it fully depends on what type of job duties you are looking for. One needs to keep in mind that within certain jobs there may be a need for other areas of expertise such as mechanical engineering. The average electrical engineer can make anywhere from forty-five thousand per year all the way up to one hundred and fifty thousand per year and the demand for them has increased over the last few years.

Mechanical engineering, is slightly more skill based and has a wider range of duties than electrical engineering but most companies and industries use these types of specialised degrees interchangeably. While they are used interchangeably, the base pay for a mechanical engineer has a wider scale. The Bureau of Labour Statistics states that the top ninety percent of mechanical engineers make on average £one hundred and twenty-one thousand a year while the lowest ten percent make £fifty two thousand per year.


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